Investigation, Measurement, Observation, Engineering Design, Claims, Evidence, and Reasoning
1 (1 day) Why should scientists communicate?
-Guiding Questions in Groups with
-Case Study 1: Apple Computers
-Case Study 2: Touring Machines Opened Up After WWII
-Case Study 3: Higgs Boson
-Case Study 4: Polio (John & My Father)
2 (2 days) How do I communicate my results clearly?
-Video Clips & Quotes (Standing on the Shoulders of Giants).
-Why does honesty in communicating results help other scientists? Clarity?
-Sample Investigations (Student & Professional Work): Create a communication clarity rubric.
-Sample Results & Conclusions: Evaluate with Rubric
-day 2: Black Boxes
-slideshow: What is a black box? How are many areas of science like studying a black box?
-Design 3 Identical Boxes.
-First, have 3 students write down what they think is in it after 1 minute of testing. Send them out of the room.
-Now, have multiple students try, one after the other, with multiple black boxes, and communicate the result. Write a conclusion as a class.
-Compare the first 3 students results with the class conclusion.
3 Why do scientists use models?
-Slide show: Different Types of Models
-Chart: What different types of models did you see? Why do you think scientists decided to use them (focus on size, ethics, and expense)? Which category would atoms, google earth & space, wind tunnels, balls rolling down ramps, flight simulator, viertual diessections, and our class brain go in?
-Light Switch Clip: Draw a Diagram of the Interior of the Wall, Indlude Power Lines and Source if Time
-Brain Review: Build Clay Brain & Label Regions and Functions (uses system / subsystem language)
-Day 2: Diagrams a Model (Could be a system) Of Something That You Can’t Observe Directly
1 Boat Races With Engineering Design
-Videos For Schema + Refer Back to Earlier Tasks
-Examples of Designed Products
-Introduce Task and Supports
-Examples of Boats and Photos of Racing
-Criteria for Success
-Ideas (long / short / sail size for wind versus balance)
-Race Day + Data Collection of Times and Boat Builder Initials AND pictures with initials and times on smart board document
-Writing a Conclusion for a Design Process
0. Learning to Draw a Systems Diagram (Structure, Functions, Subsystems, Components / Parts)
-Start with Brain
-Then Move On and Connect to Other Technological and Biological Systems
-Hamster to Human: https://dschool.stanford.edu/sandbox/groups/k12/wiki/956b6/attachments/310f9/Hamster%20Activity.pdf?sessionID=8a1e74f8bb3ba42c03074c699312098f74be7bb3
1. Save Fred
2. Marshmallow Challenge-Build Schema for Balance and Structures
-Brainstorm Attachment Methods
-Gallery Walk and Revision
-Day 2: Reflection Slides: Introduce as CER Task
-Day 3: Design Process Videos
-Sentence Starters and Useful Words
-Review Examples from Class and Others
3. Bird Beak Investigation
4. Review CER Samples and Identify Each Component
5. Variable Types-Watch the T-54 100m.
-What was being investigated? Is it a fair investigation?
-Have students write manipulated, measured, & controlled variable chart in their journals.
-Chart each variable for the race (track, weather, etc.) (runner, coach, method, chair design) (time) on chart paper and in student journals.
-Chart Variables for Next Video
5. What makes a good measurement?
6. Why do you control lots of variables but manipulate only 1?
-Case Studies: Baking the Best Cookie, Airplane Wing Design, Car Efficiency
-Full Formal Investigation Outlines
-Design Ball Rolling Investigation
7. What makes a good observation? Mischel Marshmellow & Juvenile Homosapien Recess